Here are the common type 2 diabetes symptoms you need to be aware of.
Diabetes affects millions of people all over the world. In the United States alone, over 27 million people are affected by it. Regarded as one of the major causes of death in the world, Type 2 diabetes mellitus is considered a serious health risk, most especially if not taken care of in a timely manner. The first signs of type 2 diabetes mellitus can be difficult to recognize.
Out of the millions of people affected by type 2 diabetes mellitus, about half of them are unaware they have the disease. It is not uncommon for type 2 diabetes to go undetected at the beginning. This is a problem because the damage done due to high and uncontrolled blood sugar levels can be irreversible and often start long before someone is diagnosed as diabetic.
The early warning signs and symptoms can be difficult to distinguish from other simple problems. Often time, the very first signs of type 2 diabetes can be so minute, you may possibly not even recognize them. This article will attempt to shine the light on some of the type 2 diabetes symptoms that people should be aware of.
Hunger and Fatigue
Naturally, your body converts the food you eat into glucose or blood sugar which your cell use for energy. However, your cell needs insulin to convert the glucose sugar into usable energy. If your body doesn’t make enough of the insulin or your cell resist the insulin your body makes, the sugar in your body becomes useless which would make you exhausted and fatigued. This can make you tired and hungry than usual and is often one of the earliest signs of diabetes.
Excessive Thirst and Frequent Peeing
If you are peeing and getting thirsty more than usual, you might be suffering from type 2 diabetes. The average person pee between five to eight times within 24 hours, but people with type 2 diabetes may go a lot more. Why? Generally, your body absorbs sugar as it makes its way through your kidneys, but when type 2 diabetes pushes your blood sugar level up, your body system may not be able to bring it all back in. Instead, it will try to get rid of the extra sugar by making more urine, and that takes a lot of fluid (water). Because you are urinating so much, you will get thirsty. When you drink more, you will also urinate more.
Dry mouth and itchy skin
When you have diabetes, there is less moisture for other purposes because your body is using fluid to make more urine. Getting easily dehydrated is a sign that you have some problem and it could be type 2 diabetes. When you get dehydrated and your mouth feels dry, go for a check. Don’t take it for granted when your skin is dry and itchy.
If you notice your vision suddenly starts to get blurred, go for a checkup, it could be type 2 diabetes. Changing fluid level in the body can make the lenses in your eyes swell up. This changes their shape and make them lose the ability to focus.
Nausea and Vomiting
When your body resorts to burning fat instead of glucose due to insulin resistance or your pancreas having trouble producing enough insulin, it makes “ketones.”
Ketones themselves are benign and your body can use them as its primary energy source instead of glucose. For millions of years it is believed that our bodies ran off of ketones, not glucose. Glucose metabolism has only become common in the past 7000 years after humans started farming grains and rice.
In diabetics, Ketoacidosis is driven by a serious lack of insulin in the body. Without insulin, blood sugar rises to high levels and stored fat streams from fat cells. This excess amount of fat metabolism results in the production of abnormally high quantities of ketones. The combination of high blood sugar and high ketone levels can upset the normal acid/base balance in the blood and become dangerous.
In order to reach a state of ketoacidosis, insulin levels must be so low that the regulation of blood sugar and fatty acid flow is impaired. This can make you feel sick to your stomach and cause you to vomit. This is why nausea and vomiting is one of the type 2 diabetes symptoms.
Sudden and Unplanned Weight Loss
This is one of the most confusing type 2 diabetes symptoms. Yes, Type 2 diabetes can cause serious weight loss. If your body cannot get energy from the food you eat, it will start burning fats and muscles for energy instead. This will make you lose weight even though you haven’t changed the way you eat.
Ironically, having too much blood sugar and too much insulin in your blood can also cause weight gain. This is because your body tightly regulates how much sugar is in your blood. When there is too much sugar in your blood, your body releases insulin to transport the glucose into the cells of your body as soon as possible. Muscle and organ cells can only store so much glucose. Once they reach their limit, all the excess glucose is stored in fat cells causing you to gain weight.
The sooner you act on these type 2 diabetes symptoms the better your chances of being diagnosed before you experience serious health consequences. This is vital because while diabetes does not have any specific cure, it can be successfully managed with a healthy diet, meditation, and exercise. Proper management is crucial to minimizing the complications diabetes causes and living a healthy and fulfilled life.