Top three symptoms of hyperglycemia

The top three symptoms of hyperglycemia are:

  1. Unexplained fatigue and unusually sore muscles
  2. Feeling thirsty and dehydrated
  3. Frequent urination

What is hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood sugar. High blood glucose happens when someone has too little insulin or can't use insulin effectively.

Symptoms of Hyperglycemia Explained

If you have high blood glucose, you may feel fatigued because the sugar in your blood isn’t making it into your cells. This can happen for a variety of reasons which we detail in Reasons You May be Experiencing Symptoms of High Blood Sugar.

Glucose is one of the main energy sources for the cells of the body. The biggest consumers of the sugar in your blood are muscle and brain cells. When your body’s ability to regulate blood glucose breaks down, sugar stays in your bloodstream because it can’t get into the cells where it is needed for energy. 

Three important ways that glucose is used:

  • Feed brain and muscle cells
  • Top off glycogen stores in the liver
  • The rest is pushed into fat cells

If glucose can’t make it into your muscle cells you will feel tired. You may notice that you are unusually sore after exercise. Often, if your muscle cells are starved of energy, they will cramp. As a result, muscle cramps are one of the common symptoms of hyperglycemia. 

Your brain is your body’s single largest consumer of energy so fuzzy thinking and feeling too tired to think is a common symptom of high blood sugar. Because muddled thinking is a common symptom of high blood glucose, you need to tell your friends to keep an eye on you and educate them about high blood sugar symptoms. They may save your life if you are having blood sugar regulation issues, undiagnosed diabetes or are diabetic and get into a high blood sugar situation without realizing it in time. 

Normally there is only approximately a teaspoon worth of sugar in your blood. More than that is toxic to your body and causes a host of health problems. When your blood sugar levels stay high, you body will respond by first releasing more insulin. If that doesn’t lower your blood glucose then your body will attempt to flush the excess sugar out of your blood. It takes water to do this, so it means your body will pull water out of cells to flush out the excess sugar. This will cause you to feel thirsty. This is one of the easiest symptoms of hyperglycemia to recognize. If you notice that you are constantly thirsty, you should find out if your blood sugar is too high. Another symptom you may notice is a dry mouth. 

What Should I Do If I Think I Have Symptoms of Hyperglycemia?

If you think you have high blood sugar your should go to your doctor and ask them to conduct a glucose tolerance test or you should buy an over the counter blood sugar meter and test your own blood.  Remember to test your blood first thing in the morning after eating as well as thirty minutes, one hour and two hours after eating.  Learn what your blood sugar levels  should be to understand if you have a problem.  

You can also limit your dietary carbohydrates. Read "How Do I Prevent High Blood Sugar Symptoms?" to learn more about what you can do immediately.  

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Symptoms of Hyperglycemia